Business and Entrepreneurial Studies
College of Professional, Graduate and Extended Studies
Hughes Memorial Library
College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
College of Science and Technology
OF SCIENCE IN ADMINISTRATION
Oswald H. Richards,
Ph.D., MBA, MS
Director & Associate Professor
Public and private corporations
require human, financial and economic assets to be effective, efficient
and productive. The Lincoln University's Master of Science in
Administration (MSA) program equips graduate students with the academic
and experiential knowledge to contribute to and influence the strategic
and operational direction of organizations in an innovative economy. In
a highly competitive, dynamic transnational, 21st century global
environment, the diversified MSA curriculum challenges students to
expand and transform the boundaries of knowledge in the workplace.
The MSA program offers students
the option of specializing in Finance and/or Human Resources
Management. The finance concentration exposes students to a rigorous,
multidisciplinary portfolio of theoretical and applied courses in
economics, finance, banking, investment, management and statistics. The
human resources management concentration focuses on the strategic
management of human capital assets that influence the financial,
operational and competitive direction of the organization. Both
concentrations provide students with an integrated body of knowledge
for career advancement as leaders, managers and executives in private
and public sector enterprises and entrepreneurial ventures. MSA
prepares students to develop critical problem-solving, decision-making
and strategic management skills that are indispensable in the highly
competitive global business environment of the 21st century. The MSA
program is an important human capital investment for practitioners in
private and public enterprises and for those who wish to pursue
advanced graduate degrees and/or professional certifications beyond the
MSA's management envisions a
program that delivers competitive, rigorous theoretical, empirical,
experiential, and applications-oriented bodies of knowledge in an
offline and online environment to a diverse public and private sector
business and non-business student population. Students who successfully
complete the program appropriate to their discipline will acquire
competencies in the following areas:
Proficiency in domestic and
international management and leadership.
Exposure to a
multidisciplinary portfolio of applied courses in public and private
sector enterprise management.
Development of knowledge,
skills and abilities to promote and influence organizational strategic
Optimization of theoretical,
analytical and research skills to discover, construct and reconstruct
Research capability to
integrate course concepts and theory with career, occupational and
Contemporary and futuristic
approaches and solutions to issues in global finance and human
Practice, promotion and
integration of organizational ethics in institutional infrastructure.
Entrepreneurial skills for
idea creation and application in personal, for-profit and nonprofit
The graduate master's of
science in administration program targets a diverse student population
possessing undergraduate degrees in a variety of business and
nonbusiness disciplines. The potential graduate student applicant
profile is as follows:
Students whose undergraduate degrees are not in any
of the business disciplines.
Students who may not have taken any business
courses that would qualify them for formal entry into one or both of
the MSA concentrations.
Students whose undergraduate transcripts show a
deficiency in the core subjects of accounting, economics, statistics,
finance, management and mathematics (as measured by the concomitant
grades in each subject).
Students who may require course remediation due to
the elapsed time between acquisition of the undergraduate degree and
application and admittance into the MSA program.
Students who may not have taken one or more of the
MSA foundation courses in their undergraduate program.
Students who are
deficient in any of the academic areas identified above must take
foundation courses before they can gain formal entrance into the MSA
Finance and/or Human Resources Management concentrations. A student who
meets all of the foundation course prerequisites can be fast-tracked
directly into their chosen and approved MSA program concentration.
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General Information on Admissions
To be considered for
admission to the Master of Science in Administration Finance and/or
Human Resources Management concentrations, a matriculating student must
hold a bachelor's degree, in any discipline, from an accredited
four-year undergraduate college or university and have a previous
record of academic and professional accomplishments that clearly
demonstrate the ability to complete a graduate degree. Successful
admission is determined on the basis of a careful evaluation of the
applicant's letters of recommendation, statement of professional goals,
undergraduate/graduate transcripts, grade point average (GPA) and a
A cumulative undergraduate
grade point average of 2.7 on a 4.0 scale or 3.0 for completed
graduate-level course work in the major concentration (Finance and/or
Human Resources Management) is required. An applicant with an
undergraduate GPA that is less than 2.7 may be provisionally accepted
if the candidate can demonstrate strong evidence of his/her ability to
complete the designated program with a GPA of 3.0 or better. A
provisionally accepted candidate will be regularly monitored to ensure
he/she maintains a 3.0 GPA.
Although the Graduate Record
Examination (GRE) and/or Miller Analogies Test (MAT) are not routine
requirements, The Lincoln University reserves the right to require
or both of these tests if they are considered essential to the
admission decision-making process.
A non-matriculating student
must submit a copy of a bachelor's or a master's degree from an
accredited, four-year institution and an official academic
undergraduate or graduate transcript. A non-matriculating student may
then take a total of nine (9) credits. To continue beyond this point,
the student must apply for formal admission and acceptance into the
graduate program as a Finance and/or Human Resources Management major.
An applicant requests and
receives an MSA graduate packet from the Office of the Director of
Graduate Admissions (ODGA), which he/she completes and returns to ODGA.
A committee of three (Director of Graduate Admissions, Director of the
MSA program and a faculty member from the Center of Excellence in
Business and Entrepreneurial Studies) formally reviews and approves or
rejects the application according to the established admissions
A candidate who has been
granted formal or provisional acceptance into the MSA program will
receive an approval letter from ODGA with instructions to arrange for a
scheduled advising and counseling session with the Director of the MSA
program (DMSA). During the conference, the DMSA will reassess and
reevaluate the applicant's portfolio of academic and experiential
accomplishments to determine his/her appropriate placement in either
the MSA Foundation course preparation or directly into the Finance or
Human Resources Management concentration. The DMSA will also discuss
the MSA academic and organizational structure, outline a program of
study, register the student for courses and direct him/her to ODGA for
further discussion and resolution of admissions, financing and other
issues that are beyond the scope and authority of the DMSA. The student
will be assigned an academic advisor from the MSA program and/or the
Center of Excellence in Business and Entrepreneurial Studies.
The MSA program will accept
6 graduate transfer credit hours from accredited colleges and
universities, provided the courses are commensurate in depth and
breadth with, and equivalent to, the courses offered in the MSA
programs. Credit is not granted for correspondence courses. All
acceptable courses for transfer credit must be completed with a B
average or better.
Prospective students who do
not meet all of the qualifications for acceptance into the MSA program
may receive counsel about special preparation for the Finance and Human
Resources Management concentrations, remedial steps that can be taken
where problems exist, and procedures in obtaining loans for tuition.
The DMSA, ODGA and other qualified graduate program staff are available
to discuss all admissions, financing, academic and curricular issues
with prospective students.
Summary of Admission Requirements
Copy of bachelor's degree
from an accredited four-year undergraduate institution.
Résumé of work experience
and professional accomplishments.
An optional Graduate Record
Examination (GRE) and/or Miller Analogies Test.
A 500-word essay describing
past academic/career achievements, future career goals, and interest in
the Finance and/or Human Resources Management concentration.
Three letters of
recommendation from professional and academic sources.
An official academic
An official academic
transcript of previously taken and successfully completed graduate
courses with a GPA of 3.0 or better.
Interview with MSA Director
and Admissions Officer.
MSA Program Content
The current MSA program has
both two- and three-year tracks for students who will be specializing
in the Finance and Human Resources Management concentrations. The
two-year track is typically assigned to students with undergraduate
business degrees without MSA foundation course deficiencies. If a
student without a business undergraduate degree has successfully
completed the MSA foundation or equivalent courses in their
undergraduate program, he/she may be permitted entrance into the
The three-year track is
assigned to students who need course remediation, and whose
non-business or business undergraduate degrees reflect deficiencies in
the core and foundation MSA subjects. These students must successfully
complete the MSA foundation courses prior to formal admittance into the
three-year, nontraditional Finance and Human Resources Management
The MSA curriculum is
administered at Lincoln's 3020 Market Street, Philadelphia, Graduate
Center. Classes are held on Saturdays from 8:30 AM to 6:30 PM and
during the week (M - F) from 5:00 PM - 8:00 PM. Each academic semester
is 15 weeks in duration in the fall and spring semesters. The
university currently offers a 6 weeks summer session during the months
of May and June. While a student can enter the MSA program in the
spring or summer semesters, students are encouraged to register in the
fall semester to take advantage of the orderly, sequential course
progression to successful completion and ultimate graduation.
of Graduate Program Requirements
39 - 43 credit hours to
complete the MSA degree for a student with an undergraduate business
degree that includes the foundation courses.
39 - 61 credit hours for a
student whose transcripts show a deficiency in the completion of
several of the required foundation courses. A student who has completed
the undergraduate foundation course(s) with a B- or below may be asked
to repeat the course at the MSA graduate foundation level.
57 - 61 credit hours to
complete the MSA degree for a student who does not have an
undergraduate business degree and whose transcript shows a deficiency
in all of the required foundation courses.
The MSA degree must be
completed within 5 years from the semester the first course is taken
for the traditional/regular 2-year program and 6 years for the 3-year,
A student who has completed
all of the course requirements, except the capstone research project,
will have an "I" recorded on his/her transcript. A student must
successfully complete the research project within the 5- or 6-year
period; otherwise an "F" will be recorded on his/her transcript when
the 5/6-year period elapses.
A student whose
GPA falls below 3.0 in any semester will be placed on academic
probation the following semester. A student who consistently fails to
maintain a 3.0 GPA may be dismissed from the program.