LINCOLN UNIVERSITY COURSE CATALOG COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
BIO-101 Human Health and Diseases I - 4 credits (lab – Bio 161)
Human Biology is designed for non-science majors. This course will introduce students to basic human biology focusing on human organ systems, reproduction, evolution, and the interrelationship between humans and the environment. The accompanying laboratory
exercises will permit the student to not only understand the organization of organs and
systems within the body but also learn how certain organ systems work.
BIO-102 Human Health and Diseases II - 4 credits (lab – Bio 162)
This course is a continuation of BIO-101; it continues with the coverage of human systems including their normal function and the disorders that can affect them. The laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material.
BIO-103 General Biology for Biology Majors I - 4 credits (requires lab – Bio 181)
This course, in combination with BIO-104, is designed to provide a foundation for continued study in Biology. This course covers basic chemistry, the chemistry of organic macromolecules, energy relationships, cell structure and function, and mitosis. The lab exercises are designed to complement the lecture material.
Prerequisite: EDU-100 (if required)
BIO-104 General Biology for Biology Majors II 4 credits (requires lab – Bio 182)
This course is a continuation of BIO-103; it covers meiosis, genetics, evolution, biological diversity, and ecology. The lab exercises are designed to complement the lecture material.
BIO-200 HIV/AIDS 3 credits
This is a one -semester course that introduces the basic scientific information available on
HIV/AIDS since 1981. The course will emphasize strategies for prevention and control for the individual, family, and community. Specifically, the course will highlight the special features of HIV infection that have enabled it to become a pandemic, awareness and behavior issues, HIV tests and treatment as well as preventive counseling. Skills for handling sensitive issues as well as the involvement of students in HIV-related activities will be fully explored. Reasons for the disproportionate rise of HIV/AIDS in certain ethnic groups will be fully discussed.
Prerequisites: Students registered for this course must have taken the following: ENG102,
BIO101; BIO102; or CHE101
BIO-205 Anatomy and Physiology I 4 credits (requires lab – Bio 275)
This is a course designed and offered for students who plan to pursue careers in the health sciences and for certain majors in the Department of HPER. It covers the morphology of the tissues, organs and organ systems of humans. The laboratory portion of the course focuses on mammalian dissection.
BIO-206 Anatomy and Physiology II 4 credits (requires lab – Bio 276)
This course is a continuation of Biology 205 that focuses on the functions of human tissues, organs and organ systems. The laboratory exercises focus on the normal and abnormal functioning of human systems.
BIO-208 Genetics 4 credits (requires lab)
This is an introduction to heredity that includes Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance, cytogenetics, population and molecular genetics. The laboratory exercises use a variety of animal, plant and microbe models to demonstrate the principles of inheritance.
Prerequisites: BIO-103, BIO-104
BIO-209 Plant and Animal Systems 4 credits (requires lab)
This course introduces the student to both plant and animal systems. During the first one-third of the semester, details of plant growth and development, transport of water and nutrients, plant nutrition and reproduction are examined. The last two-thirds of the semester are devoted to animal systems. Anatomy and physiology of selected vertebrate systems are examined. The focus is on homeostasis, the integration of the systems and how they are influenced by the environment.
Prerequisites: BIO-103, BIO-104
BIO-301 Endocrinology 3 credits
The students in this course will be introduced to the basics of endocrinology including the names and locations of endocrine organs, the types of hormones, their molecular structures and modes of actions. The hormonal regulation of a few specific physiological processes will be explored in depth. Students will be required to read and critique three primary papers in endocrinology. Their understanding of these papers will be assessed through analysis questions accompanying the papers and essay questions on exams.
BIO-302 Vertebrate Physiology 4 credits (requires lab)
This is an introduction to cell physiology, biological control systems and coordinated body functions in vertebrates. A comparative approach is used in covering the major groups of vertebrates. The laboratory exercises use a variety of animal models to study normal and abnormal physiology.
BIO-304 Developmental Biology 4 credits (requires lab)
This is a comparative study of the reproduction, growth, and development of vertebrates
including differentiation of the various types of cells and tissues. The course also covers the control of developmental processes and abnormalities of development.
BIO-305 Biological Techniques 4 credits
This course is designed to give the student hands-on experience with a variety of common biological laboratory techniques. The focus of the course may vary from semester to semester.
BIO-308 Histology 4 credits (requires lab)
This course covers the structural aspects of tissues and organs with emphasis on mammalian systems. Substantial time is spent on examining the arrangement and interactions of cells in tissues and organs. The laboratory portion of the course includes microscopic examination of tissue and organ sections as well as the methods of making sections for microscopic study.
BIO-309 Botany 4 credits (requires lab)
This is a writing emphasis course that emphasizes the importance of plants in the ecosystem and takes an in-depth look at plant morphology, physiology and development. It also covers the evolution of plants with a focus on vascular plants. In lab, the plant body and physiological processes are explored, with an emphasis on the integration of structure and function. Field trips will be conducted to survey the local flora.
BIO-310 Invertebrate Zoology 4 credits (requires lab)
This course covers the major invertebrate phyla with respect to phylogenetic relationships, evolutionary history, anatomy, physiology, and ecology. The laboratory portion of the course includes field work, microscopic examination, dissection, and selected physiological and ecological experiments.
BIO-311 Conservation Biology 3 credits
This course covers the preservation of biotic diversity. Topics covered include ecosystem structure and function, the extent of biotic diversity, the natural history of diversity on this planet, past and current extinctions, human impact on diversity, and methods to preserve diversity.
BIO-313 History of Biology 3 credits
This course is offered to students in any major to enhance their understanding of the
historical, political, and social forces that have affected the development of biology. This
course will focus on the contributions of ancient civilizations to the development of modern biology and medicine; how selected major ideas in biology advanced the discipline; and some important contributions by women of all races, men of color, and people from developing countries.
BIO-312 General Ecology 4 credits (requires lab)
This course introduces the student to basic concepts of ecosystem and community structure, energy transformations, nutrient cycles, population dynamics, animal behavior, and pollution. Current topics of ecological importance are covered.
BIO-316 Microbial Ecology 4 credits (requires lab)
This course covers the relationships that exist between microorganisms and their physical
and biotic environments. The course examines the ways in which microorganisms interact with each other, and with plant and animal populations. It also covers the physiological ecology of these organisms, their roles in biogeochemical cycling, and biotechnological aspects of microbial ecology.
BIO-319 Cancer Biology 3 credits
This course will educate students on various genetic and molecular changes normal cells undergo during transformation into malignant cancer cells. These modifications include unregulated cell proliferation, evasion of cell death, and metastasis. This course will describe factors that contribute to cancer development and discuss cancer prevention and currently available therapeutic treatments.
BIO-401 General Microbiology 4 credits (requires lab)
This course introduces students to the importance and applications of microbiology in food production, industry, environment, and human, veterinary and plant health. The mechanisms of pathogenicity of harmful organisms as well as methods of control will be explored. Students will be introduced to methods of cultivating microbes including nutritional and environmental needs of some common microbes. Identification of common microbes by macroscopy, microscopy, morphology, biochemical reactions and serology will also be explored.
BIO-402 Immunology 4 credits (requires lab)
This course considers pathogenic organisms, immune mechanisms, the pathogenic state, and serology. Laboratory exercises include the cultivation, isolation, and physiology of a
representative number of forms, and immunological and serological exercises.
BIO-404 Molecular Biology 4 credits (requires lab)
This course is designed to introduce the student to the concepts of DNA structure and
function, molecular methods, and inheritance at the molecular level. Students will learn the vocabulary, methods and concepts using a problem-solving approach.
BIO-405 Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates 4 credits (requires lab)
The gross structure of vertebrates is presented in this course as an evolutionary progression from the primitive jawless fishes through the birds and mammals. Special emphasis is placed on the dogfish shark, Necturus and cat which are dissected in the lab portion of the course.
BIO-408 Cell Biology 4 credits (requires lab)
This course covers all aspects of cellular and subcellular morphology and physiology.
Emphasis is placed on organelle structure and function, metabolic pathways, regulation, and cellular reproduction. The laboratory portion of the course emphasizes modern techniques of examining cell structure and function.
BIO-412 Neuroscience 4 credits (requires lab)
This course is a comprehensive introduction to the mammalian nervous system, focusing on the structure and function of the human brain. Anatomical, cellular, chemical, physiological and molecular aspects of neuroscience will be discussed. Topics that will be covered include: neurons and glia, neuroanatomy, action potentials, synaptic transmission, neurotransmitters, sensory systems (vision, hearing and touch), motor systems, behavioral responses, development, learning and memory, aging, mental illness, neurodegenerative diseases and genomics. An inquiry-based approach will be taken to facilitate learning of the material.
BIO-495 Independent Research/Study 1-4 credits
Independent research or study projects supervised by a member of the faculty.
The Environmental Science curriculum is designed to provide a thorough foundation in the basic sciences with an emphasis in biology through courses such as General Ecology, Botany, Invertebrate Zoology, Microbiology and Microbial Ecology. Students are encouraged to explore related areas such as environmental ethics and environmental policy.
In educating our students, we strive to challenge them in order to develop their independent and analytical reasoning skills, their communication skills, their appreciation of biological discoveries, and their ability to conduct original laboratory investigations. Our ultimate goal is to see our students go on to graduate school, professional school (medical, dental or veterinary), or relevant positions in government, private industry or education.